Identidad

Paraguay has one of the highest homophobia rates in the continent, along with Suriname and Guyana, with indicators closer to countries in the Middle East, Southeast Asia and Subtropical Africa, thus moving away from the reality of other Latin American countries.

 

Rights that are guaranteed in other Latin American countries such as equal marriage, a gender identity law and a law against all forms of discrimination are still pending in Paraguay.

 

Trans women are deprived of access to basic human rights, starting with the same identity. Hate crimes against them, transfeminicides, are unfortunately frequent and to date more than fifty crimes committed since the fall of the dictatorship go unpunished.

 

The country has a strong male-chauvinistic culture, so it is especially hostile to women. Women are more exposed to different types of violence than men, earn 30% less income, work longer hours in housework and care, and have little participation in politics. It should be noted that a woman is murdered every week and in recent years femicides have increased. The country ranks 110th out of 180 on the United Nations Gender Inequality Index.

 

General data about Paraguay

Paraguay is in the heart of Latin America and has no access to the sea. It is divided into 17 departments and is a unitary presidential republic with approximately 7 million inhabitants.

 

Asuncion is the capital and other important cities are Ciudad del Este, Encarnación, the cities that make up Gran Asuncion such as San Lorenzo, Fernando de la Mora, Lambare, Capiatá, etc, cities in the Central Department such as Aregua or Villeta and departmental capitals such as Villarrica, Coronel Oviedo, Pilar, Pedro Juan Caballero, among others.

 

In Paraguay the two official languages are Guarani and Spanish. The majority of the population is bilingual, with a predominance of Guaraní, and a minority that speaks only Spanish. There are also 18 other indigenous languages, in addition to Guaraní, such as Tomárãho, Nivaclé, Ayoreo, Enlhet Norte, Maká, Ybytóso, Aché and others.

 

Paraguay is one of the poorest and most unequal countries in the region. In Latin America, it is one of the countries with the highest maternal and infant mortality rates, with notable lags in educational and health coverage, lack of infrastructure and scarce access to drinking water. The vast majority of the economy is in the informal sector, without social security, and 8 out of 10 people earn less than the minimum wage. Globally, Paraguay has the most unequal distribution of land and is one of the countries with the highest deforestation rates.